Proposed EPA Rules for Cooling Water Intake Structures at Existing Electric Facilities

Client:

Synapse assisted Riverkeeper in EPA’s rulemaking for its proposed Section 316(b) Phase II rule concerning cooling water intake structures at existing electric generating facilities. Synapse reviewed the cost and reliability impacts of both the proposed EPA option for reducing the impact of these facilities on aquatic life and of reasonable alternative options involving the conversion of certain facilities to closed cycle cooling systems. Project completed in August 2002.

Status: 
Project completed in August 2002.