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Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse analyzed the residential demand response programs of three New Jersey electric distribution companies. 

Client:
Delaware Department of Natural Resources
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is providing expert technical consulting services to the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) related to Exelon Corporation’s proposed acquisition of Pepco Holdings Incorporated. Specifically, Synapse reviewed the value of the benefits and commitments of the merger and concerns regarding concentration of ownership, market power, and market manipulation in the wholesale electricity market. Synapse is submitting testimony in the legal proceeding on behalf of DNREC. Synapse performed similar analysis related to the merger on behalf of clients in Maryland, New Jersey, and the District of Columbia.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Max Chang Evaluating Benefits and Commitments of the Proposed Exelon-Pepco Merger in Delaware
Direct Testimony of Paul Peterson Regarding Concentration of Ownership, Market Power, and Potential Market Manipulation Related to the Proposed Exelon-Pepco Merger in Delaware
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse provided expert technical consulting services to the New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel related to Exelon Corporation’s proposed acquisition of Pepco Holdings. Specifically, Synapse reviewed the Joint Applicants' economic impact analysis; merger-related reliability issues; and concerns regarding concentration of ownership, market power, and market manipulation. Synapse submitted testimony in the legal proceeding on behalf of the NJ DRC. Synapse performed similar analysis related to the merger on behalf of clients in Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Max Chang on Reliability Impact of Exelon-Pepco Merger in New Jersey
Direct Testimony of Paul Peterson on Market Power Issues Related to the Exelon-Pepco Merger in New Jersey
Direct Testimony of Tyler Comings Regarding Economic Impact Analysis in Proposed Exelon-PHI Merger in New Jersey
Client:
Conservation Law Foundation
Year:
Ongoing

Conservation Law Foundation retained Synapse to provide technical analysis related to the petition of Exelon for approval to construct and operate a 200 megawatt combustion turbine electric power generation facility in Medway, Massachusetts. Specifically, Synapse reviewed the modeling and testimony of Analysis Group regarding the proposed facility’s impact on compliance with the Massachusetts Global Warming Solutions Act. 

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Robert Fagan Regarding Petition of Exelon to Build Medway Power Station
Client:
Energy Foundation
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is actively working with a group of stakeholders to engage in the development of the Energy Information Administration's 2016 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), to be released in mid-2016. The AEO is a critical source of publicly available information for public interest stakeholders working to improve planning and decision-making in the energy sector. Synapse is participating in working groups associated with three key areas of the 2016 AEO: the renewable energy sector, the electricity sector, and the residential/commercial buildings sector. Modeling of EPA’s Clean Power Plan will be a major change in the 2016 AEO from previous forecasts. Synapse is working with other stakeholders to participate actively in this process and advocate for reasonable policy and technology assumptions.

For more information on the AEO 2016 development process, contact Patrick Luckow at pluckow@synapse-energy.com.

Related Publication(s)
Quadrennial Energy Review Meeting Notes 15 April 2016
AEO Buildings Working Group Meeting Notes - February 18, 2016
AEO Electricity Working Group Meeting Notes - February 10, 2016
AEO Renewables Working Group Meeting Notes - February 9, 2016
AEO Buildings Working Group Meeting Notes – December 8, 2015
AEO Electricity Working Group Meeting Notes – December 8, 2015
AEO Renewable Working Group Meeting Notes – December 7, 2015
Client:
Lawrence Berkeley Labs, U.S. Department of Energy
Year:
Ongoing

In collaboration with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Synapse is assisting the Advanced Manufacturing Office of the U.S. Department of Energy in developing a set of resources (i.e., a toolkit) to demonstrate the value and communicate the approach of the Better Buildings Initiative - Superior Energy Performance (SEP) Accelerator to utilities, regulators, and industrial customers. Integrating input from key energy efficiency program administrators (PAs), Synapse is developing a toolkit providing the necessary information, resources, frameworks for analysis, and case studies that will facilitate the development and deployment of ratepayer-funded SEP program offerings. Among other resources, the toolkit includes a Cost Effectiveness Screening Tool to assist PAs with determining if developing offerings for SEP is likely to achieve positive net benefits, and a SEP Filing Guide to provide PAs with guidance on the information to include in their program plans.

Client:
Illinois Attorney General
Year:
Ongoing

On behalf of the Illinois Office of the Attorney General, Synapse reviewed Commonwealth Edison Company’s (ComEd) proposal for a voltage optimization validation project within the context of ComEd’s formula rate proceeding. Principal Associates Max Chang and Bob Fagan submitted testimony before the Illinois Commerce Commission (Case 16-0259) addressing ComEd’s planned Voltage Optimization Validation Program and its opportunities for data analytics. Synapse’s analysis found that ComEd’s validation study did not adequately demonstrate that the program would address the company’s challenges. Mr. Chang and Mr. Fagan recommended that the Commission direct ComEd to adopt a more comprehensive and robust validation study for voltage optimization. Mr. Chang and Mr. Fagan also recommended that the Commission require ComEd to provide information regarding the development of a long-term plan to fully utilize data gathered from the installation of smart meters and modern distribution infrastructure.

Related Publication(s)
Rebuttal Testimony of Bob Fagan and Max Chang Regarding ComEd Formula Rate Case
Client:
Connecticut Fund for the Environment
Year:
Ongoing

On behalf of Save the Sound, Synapse is comparing recent studies on the need for new and expanded natural gas pipeline infrastructure proposed by Kinder Morgan subsidiary Tennessee Gas Pipeline in Connecticut and surrounding states. Within the context of Connecticut energy demand and climate laws, the team is reviewing and synthesizing the findings of three separate New England natural gas demand reports released in 2015, examining issues related to compliance with Connecticut’s Global Warming Solutions Act, and placing these findings in the context of expected near- and medium-term capacity and demand of natural gas in Connecticut.

Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
Ongoing

Sierra Club retained Synapse to review Dayton Power and Light’s (DP&L) application for approval of an electric security plan (Cases No. 16-0395-EL-SSO, 16-396-EL-ATA, and 16-397-EL-AAM). Synapse’s review focused on DP&L’s proposed Distribution Modernization Rider (DRM) and the value and outlook of the Company’s coal fleet. The proposed DRM would charge ratepayers $145 million per year over seven years. These charges would subsidize risky capital investments in the Company’s coal assets—several of which have been determined by other owners to have value and be unreliable. On behalf of Sierra Club, Tyler Comings submitted testimony to the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio demonstrating the coal fleet’s low value and poor reliability and recommending that the Commission deny the DMR.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Tyler Comings regarding Dayton Power and Light Proposed Distribution Modernization Rider
Client:
Hawaii Division of Consumer Advocacy
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse was retained to provide expert witness and consulting services to the Hawaii Division of Consumer Advocacy in a proceeding to develop and review integrated resource plans (IRPs) for three electric companies. Topics include scenario planning, resource modeling, community and stakeholder input processes, and analysis of locally produced biofuels, wind and solar energy opportunities (both distributed and large scale), battery storage, and other renewable energy options. The three major electric companies supplying 95 percent of Hawaii’s electricity are simultaneously facing the need to retrofit or replace existing generation impacted by new environmental regulations and the onset of a very stringent renewable portfolio standard (40 percent by 2030). Imported fossil fuel costs are the primary driver behind high electricity rates and subject Hawaiian residents to rapidly fluctuating prices. Currently all of the Hawaiian Islands operate their electricity systems independently; a major planning issue going forward is interconnecting several of the islands using undersea cables in order to better integrate and manage high levels of variable renewable energy. On behalf of the client, Synapse is reviewing these key issues and addressing how best to meet future constraints and policy goals while minimizing costs to consumers.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Rick Hornby Regarding HECO Application for a Biofuel Supply Contract with Hawai’i BioEnergy
Direct Testimony of Rick Hornby Regarding HECO & HELCO’s Application for a Biofuel Supply Contract with AKP
Direct Testimony of Patrick Luckow Regarding HECO & HELCO’s Application for a Biofuel Supply Contract with AKP
Client:
Cape Light Compact
Year:
Ongoing

Since 2007, Synapse has assisted the Cape Light Compact with various aspects of their participation in the New England Forward Capacity Market (FCM). Project ongoing.

Client:
Cape Light Compact
Year:
Ongoing

The Massachusetts restructuring law enables municipal aggregators to implement energy efficiency programs with funds raised from all customers through a system benefits charge. More than 13 years ago, Synapse designed the energy efficiency programs that are being provided by the Cape Light Compact, the municipal aggregator on Cape Cod. Since then, Synapse has assisted the Cape Light Compact (the Compact) with energy efficiency plan, annual report, and energy efficiency charge reconciliation filing preparation, including energy efficiency data reporting and analysis and policy support. Energy efficiency data reporting and analysis includes processing of data from the Compact’s database into tables for plans and reports and analysis of the plans and reports, preparation of the exhibits for the energy efficiency charge reconciliation filing, and drafting of memos on key aspects of filings as needed to inform stakeholder review. Policy support includes implementing key outcomes of Massachusetts Department of Public Utility (MA DPU) Orders, developing positions in open dockets, representing the Compact in stakeholder working groups, and providing expert testimony before the MA DPU.

Related Publication(s)
The Cape Light Compact Energy Efficiency Plan: 2007-2012
The Cape Light Compact Energy Efficiency Plan Phase II: 2003-2007
Client:
Delaware Riverkeeper Network
Year:
Ongoing

Serious, imminent, and irreversible damages to natural ecosystems, infrastructure, agricultural production, and human health make dramatic reduction of greenhouse gas emissions a key priority for communities around the world. Most greenhouse gases are emitted as a result of our use of energy, and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is no exception in this regard. Delaware Riverkeeper Network asked Synapse Energy Economics and EQ Research to find a path forward that will enable Pennsylvania to serve its energy needs entirely with clean, zero‐emission renewables by 2050.

On October 20, 2016, Synapse joined EQ Research and Delaware Riverkeeper Network to present a public webinar discussing the report. A recording is available on Delaware Riverkeeper Network's website.

 

 Press Conference: "Envisioning Pennsylvania's Energy Future" Report Release

 

 

 

 

Related Publication(s)
Envisioning Pennsylvania Energy Future: Powering the Commonwealth Energy Needs with 100 Percent Renewables by 2050
Envisioning PAs Energy Future (Public Webinar Slides)
Client:
Clean Energy Solutions Inc.
Year:
Ongoing

In response to the Virginia State Corporation Commission’s questions on evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) methods, Synapse prepared a memo where we reviewed, summarized, and provided recommendations with respect to current EM&V practices in Virginia, national best practices, and emerging practices enabled by the development and adoption of new information and communications technologies. The memo also discussed inputs and recommendations for methodologies to calculate the levelized cost of saved energy. The Virginia Energy Efficiency Council included the memo with its May 25, 2016 comments to the State Corporation Commission in Case PUE-2016-00022.

Related Publication(s)
Memo on Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification in Virginia
Client:
U.S. Department of Justice
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is providing expert assistance and testimony on behalf of the U.S. Department of Justice in connection with its investigation of potential violations of the Clean Air Act by Ameren Missouri.

Client:
Hawaii Division of Consumer Advocacy
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is assisting the Hawaii Division of Consumer Advocacy in an investigation to reexamine the existing decoupling mechanisms for the Hawaiian Electric Companies (Docket 2013-0141). The Hawaii Public Utilities Commission opened this investigation to determine whether the existing decoupling mechanisms, including both the Revenue Balancing Account (RBA) and the Revenue Adjustment Mechanism (RAM), are effectively serving their intended purposes, are fair to the HECO Companies and ratepayers, and are in the public interest. Schedule A of this docket addressed interest rates, tax deferrals, risk sharing mechanisms, baseline projects in RAM, and performance metrics. Schedule B of this docket will address issues concerning the RAM, particularly related to the incentives that the RAM provides or fails to provide, the fair allocation of risk, and ways to increase the efficiency of ratemaking. Synapse is taking a lead role in reviewing and commenting on the development of HECO’s performance metrics associated with Schedule A, and is leading the development of the Consumer Advocate’s statements of position regarding performance incentives in Schedule B, including analysis of how such incentives might interact with the decoupling mechanism. 

Client:
California Office of Ratepayer Advocates
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is providing technical and expert witness services to the California Office of Ratepayer Advocates in connection with the Long Term Procurement Plan proceeding affecting the three largest investor-owned utilities in California: Southern California Edison, Pacific Gas and Electric, and San Diego Gas and Electric. As part of this project, Synapse conducted modeling of the California ISO (CAISO) area using PLEXOS to assess loads and emissions throughout California based on various California Public Utilities Commission scenarios. Synapse analyzed model inputs, assumptions, forecast projections, and outputs, and examined alternatives including renewable energy integration and retirement scenarios. Synapse’s modeling enabled determination of areas within California that would be capacity constrained.

Related Publication(s)
Testimony of Bob Fagan and Patrick Luckow in Order Instituting Rulemaking to Integrate and Refine Procurement Policies and Consider Long-Term Procurement Plans
Reply Testimony of Bob Fagan and Patrick Luckow in Order Instituting Rulemaking to Integrate and Refine Procurement Policies and Consider Long-Term Procurement Plans
Reply Testimony of Bob Fagan and Tommy Vitolo in Order Instituting Rulemaking to Integrate and Refine Procurement Policies and Consider Long-Term Procurement Plans
Client:
Conservation Law Foundation
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is providing technical support and expert testimony to the Conservation Law Foundation regarding a series of Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities natural gas pipeline dockets. In these dockets, electric distribution companies have petitioned to embed the costs of natural gas transmission pipelines in customer electric bills. In the most recent dockets (MA 15-181 and MA 16-05), Eversource and National Grid submitted separate analyses on the long-term economic benefits of Algonquin’s proposed Access Northeast natural gas pipeline infrastructure project. Synapse assessed the methodology and assumptions of the benefits in the analyses submitted by Eversource and National Grid. Specifically, Synapse reviewed the results of scenarios modeling New England’s future electric sector with and without the Access Northeast pipeline to determine whether the modeling assumptions (1) were consistent with compliance with state and federal environmental laws and (2) represented “most likely” projections of uncertain future conditions. Dr. Elizabeth A. Stanton submitted expert testimony in both dockets.

 

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Elizabeth A. Stanton Regarding the Eversource Analysis of Economic Benefits of Proposed Access Northeast Gas Pipeline
Direct Testimony of Elizabeth A. Stanton Regarding the National Grid Analysis of Economic Benefits of Proposed Access Northeast Gas Pipeline
Client:
Conservation Law Foundation
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse provided expert support to the Conservation Law Foundation (CLF) in its New Source Review (NSR) suit over modifications made to Merrimack Station Unit 2 in New Hampshire.

Client:
South Carolina Coastal Conservation League
Year:
Ongoing

South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) filed a petition (Docket No. 2016-224-E) requesting that the Public Service Commission of South Carolina approve an approximately $852 million increase in the cost estimate for the construction of two new units at the V.C. Summer nuclear power plant. SCE&G has repeatedly raised rates to recover financing costs of the plant, resulting in a substantial impact on customer bills. South Carolina Coastal Conservation League (SCCCL) retained Synapse to analyze the opportunity for energy efficiency programs to mitigate the bill increases associated with SCE&G’s petition. On behalf of SCCCL, Senior Associate Alice Napoleon submitted testimony and an accompanying report in which she reviewed SCE&G’s energy efficiency efforts to date and presented recommendations for expanding SCE&G’s energy efficiency programs in order to provide all customers with opportunities to lower their bills.

Related Publication(s)
Reinvigorating SCE&G Energy Efficiency Programs
Direct Testimony of Alice Napoleon regarding South Carolina Electric and Gas Energy Efficiency Efforts
Client:
Michigan Public Service Commission
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is assisting the Michigan Public Service Commission in the development of a strategy to comply with EPA’s Clean Power Plan. To support the state planning process and evaluate compliance options, Synapse has built a detailed representation of the regional electrical system in System Optimizer, a utility-scale capacity expansion model. The model optimizes specific electric generating unit build and retire decisions, cost-effective energy efficiency, unit retrofit decisions, emissions trading programs, and emissions targets through 2034. Synapse developed Michigan-specific inputs to the model in collaboration with staff of the Public Service Commission, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and the Michigan Agency for Energy. Synapse will use the model to test compliance plans developed by the joint agencies and stakeholders, including Michigan utilities, consumer, industry, and environmental groups.

Related Publication(s)
Michigan Compliance Assessment for the Clean Power Plan
Client:
Home Performance Coalition
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is working for the National Efficiency Screening Project (NESP) to develop a National Standard Practice Manual (NSPM). The purpose of the NSPM is to improve the way that utility customer-funded electricity and natural gas energy efficiency resources are evaluated for cost-effectiveness throughout the United States and to inform decision-makers regarding which efficiency resources are in the public interest and what level of investment is appropriate. The NSPM updates and expands upon the California Standard Practice Manual and will provide the principles, concepts, and techniques for sound, unbiased evaluation of energy efficiency and other demand side resources. Synapse's primary role is as the lead technical consultant and is responsible for the overall drafting of the manual, managing the Drafting Committee of five experts, and incorporating input from the Review Committee.

Client:
Conservation Services Group, Vermont Energy Investment Corporation, EnerNOC, Innovative Energy Systems
Year:
Ongoing

Since 2005, Synapse has provided monitoring and representation services for clients in NEPOOL’s Alternative Resources (AR) sector, which is comprised of providers of energy efficiency, renewable, distributed generation, and demand response resources. Our clients in the AR sector have included Conservation Services Group, Vermont Energy Investment Corporation, EnerNOC, and Innovative Energy Systems.

Related Publication(s)
Incorporating Energy Efficiency into the ISO New England Forward Capacity Market
Executive Summary Only: Incorporating Energy Efficiency into the ISO New England Forward Capacity Market
Client:
PowerOptions, The Energy Consortium, Harvard University, Union of Concerned Scientists, MASSPIRG
Year:
Ongoing

NEPOOL’s governance structure allows non-profits and other customer representatives to become voting members. Since 2001, Synapse has provided representation and voting services to non-profit and consumer interest clients. Our clients have included PowerOptions, The Energy Consortium, Harvard, the Union of Concerned Scientists, and MASSPIRG.

Client:
Maine Office of the Public Advocate, New Hampshire Office of Consumer Advocate, Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel, Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General
Year:
Ongoing

Since 2001, Synapse has engaged in NEPOOL and ISO New England committee and working group meetings on behalf of consumer advocate clients in NEPOOL’s End Use sector. Our clients have included consumer advocate offices in Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. Synapse has provided representation services (voting) in addition to monitoring and information services to all of these NEPOOL clients.

Related Publication(s)
The Road to Better System Planning: ISO-New England’s Revised Energy Efficiency Forecast
Demand Response Potential in ISO New England’s Day-Ahead Energy Market
Wholesale Natural Gas Prices in New England
Comments on the Procurement of Default Service Power Supply for Residential, Small Commercial, and Industrial Customers in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Comments on the Draft 2015 Solar PV Forecast
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is assisting the New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel with analyzing program characteristics of a Societal Benefits Charge (SBC) Credit Program, being implemented in rulemaking Docket No. EO12100940. To this end, Synapse will conduct supporting research, such as reviewing other states’ programs; attend working group meetings; and assist with preparation of comments. Analysis will include consideration of the following: energy reduction thresholds, the costs and feasibility of various options for credit issuance other than a reimbursement check, a SBC Budget to minimize the financial impact of the credit on other Clean Energy Programs, charging applicants an administrative fee to cover program administration costs, how the fee requirement would be administered, and other issues.

Client:
Lawrence Berkeley Labs
Year:
Ongoing

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is preparing a series of technical reports on Future Electric Utility Regulation, which will examine issues related to incremental and fundamental changes to electric industry regulation in a future with high distributed energy resource (DER) levels. Synapse is providing research and analysis to support LBNL in producing a technical report on performance-based regulation in a high DER future. The report will: summarize the full suite of mechanisms used in various types of PBR; compare ratemaking and regulation of utilities under cost of service versus PBR paradigms; explain how to incorporate performance-based metrics focused on DER; present key subtopics from the perspective of both the electric utility and the customer/broader public interest; describe a taxonomy of issues to consider in determining whether to implement some elements of PBR or comprehensive PBR; and describe criteria state utility commissions can consider to evaluate whether to adopt some form of PBR in the context of a high DER future. 

Related Publication(s)
Performance-Based Regulation in a High Distributed Energy Resources Future
Performance-Based Regulation in a High Distributed Energy Resources Future (webinar slides)
Client:
Riverkeeper
Year:
Ongoing

Riverkeeper retained Synapse to assess the potential impacts to energy reliability and electric power sector air emissions associated with the construction and operation of a closed-cycle cooling system as the "best technology available" (BTA) for the Indian Point nuclear power plant, in order to inform the analysis being conducted by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) under the New York State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA). Synapse found that the retirement of the Indian Point nuclear facility would result in essentially no reliability impacts and minimal air emission impacts.

Related Publication(s)
Indian Point Energy Center: Effects of the Implementation of Closed-Cycle Cooling on New York Emissions and Reliability
Direct Testimony of Bob Fagan Regarding Air Emissions and Electric System Reliability Impacts of Closed-Cycle Cooling
Rebuttal Testimony of Bob Fagan Regarding Air Emissions and Electric System Reliability Impacts of Closed-Cycle Cooling
Surrebuttal Testimony of Bob Fagan Regarding Air Emissions and Electric System Reliability Impacts of Closed-Cycle Cooling
Client:
Energy Outreach Colorado
Year:
Ongoing

In 2016, Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCo) filed a request for rate design modifications, including a tiered monthly “Grid Use Charge” for all residential customers and a voluntary residential demand – time-of-use rate. The Company’s stated intent for the proposed Grid Use Charge was to act as an interim step before the implementation of a demand charge. On behalf of Energy Outreach Colorado, Synapse conducted an analysis of PSCo’s proposal and Tim Woolf provided expert testimony before the Colorado Public Utilities Commission. Synapse’s testimony challenged the Company’s proposal to move residential customers toward demand charges because such charges are inconsistent with fundamental rate design principles, create inefficient price signals, are complex and difficult for residential customers to respond to, place undue burden on low-usage and low-income customers, and may ultimately increase long-term electricity costs. Project ongoing.

Related Publication(s)
Answer Testimony of Tim Woolf Regarding Public Service Company of Colorado Residential Demand Charges Proposal
Client:
Maryland Office of the People’s Counsel
Year:
Ongoing

Synapse is providing the Maryland Office of People’s Counsel (OPC) with technical assistance and testimony in Case No. 9406 regarding Baltimore Gas and Electric Company’s (BGE) electric rate increase request to recover costs for smart grid implementation and other costs. The increase of approximately $135.2 million is intended to pay for implementation of advanced metering infrastructure and underground conduit costs in Baltimore. Synapse staff and subcontractor Nancy Brockway submitted testimony covering the benefit cost analysis of the advanced meter infrastructure investments and cyber-security/ privacy concerns associated with the implementation of advanced meter infrastructure investment across the BGE service territory. 

Related Publication(s)
Testimony of Max Chang on BGE AMI Cost Recovery

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