You can browse all project descriptions (below), or narrow the search results by selecting one or more filters (topic area, client, etc.).

Client:
Cape Light Compact
Year:
2019

Since 2007, Synapse has assisted the Cape Light Compact with various aspects of their participation in the New England Forward Capacity Market (FCM). 

Client:
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Year:
2020, 2019

A report produced by Synapse Energy Economics, the Regulatory Assistance Project, and Community Action Partnership—with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation—takes an in-depth look at the disparate impacts electric and natural gas infrastructure have on economic, social, and health outcomes—and consider how to ensure that a clean-energy future is a more equitable future. The report finds a variety of opportunities for policymakers, including policies to make energy more affordable for vulnerable communities, expand access to energy, reduce environmental hazards, and create jobs in the clean energy transition. The report also includes case studies from municipalities, states, and regions across the country that are working to achieve these goals. The small city of Bloomfield, Iowa, has taken charge of its energy future, transforming its approach to resource planning, investing in efficiency and solar power, and spurring local development. In Ohio, a statewide arrearage management program provides a model for protecting customers from utility shutoffs. In Minnesota, Xcel Energy and the state’s utility regulators are working together to implement performance-based regulation, with benchmarks for improving customer service quality and workforce diversity. And the 10 northeastern states that participate in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative are reducing carbon dioxide emissions (and other pollution) from power plants, improving environmental conditions and community health outcomes. This report highlights these successes and provides policymakers with insights into how to create a successful – and economically inclusive – transition to a clean energy future.

For further insights on this report, read our blog post here.

Related Publication(s)
Energy Infrastructure: Sources of Inequities and Policy Solutions for Improving Community Health and Wellbeing
Client:
Year:
2019
Related Publication(s)
Equity in Residential Solar
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2020, 2019

On behalf of the Sierra Club, Erin Camp, PhD wrote expert witness testimony evaluating Dominion Energy’s electric vehicle (EV) Smart Charging Infrastructure Pilot Program (“Pilot Program”), focusing on the light-duty EV stock growth projection for Dominion’s service territory. The EV stock growth projection, which was used to calculate the number of EV charging stations eligible for rebates in the Pilot Program, underestimated the likely adoption of light-duty EVs in the Company’s service territory. Dr. Camp’s analysis found that, by 2030, the number of registered EVs in the Dominion’s service territory is likely to be double what was predicted by the utility. Her testimony encouraged the utility to recalculate the forecasted EV market and to update the estimated number of required EV charging stations. Dr. Camp also explained that encouraging EV adoption with a well-designed utility program can put downward pressure on rates and benefit all consumers in Dominion’s service territory. Further, a well-designed program will also ensure that the benefits of transportation electrification are equitably distributed to all customers, including low- and moderate-income customers, by improving access to clean, electric transportation options in the form of electric transit (i.e., buses) and charging stations to support EV charging at multi-family buildings.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Erin Camp, PhD, in Case No. PUR-2019-00154
Client:
Natural Resources Defense Council
Year:
2020, 2019, 2018

Earlier Synapse work on EV Rates, completed on behalf of NRDC, can be found here.

Related Publication(s)
Electric Vehicles are Driving Electric Rates Down - June 2020 Update
Electric Vehicles are Driving Electric Rates Down - June 2019 Update
Client:
The Energy Foundation
Year:
2019, 2018

The electrification of transportation systems can bring substantial economic and public health benefits. Synapse’s new guidebook for consumer advocates describes how to evaluate the potential impacts of EVs on customers’ electricity rates, health, and vehicle expenditures. It also describes some of the policies that can be implemented to help ensure that transportation electrification occurs in a manner that allows all customers, particularly low-income and other vulnerable groups, to share in the benefits while not unfairly bearing the costs.

Related Publication(s)
Evaluating and Shaping the Impacts of EVs on Customers
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2021, 2020, 2019

Synapse supported Sierra Club in its engagement in Arizona Public Service (APS) and Tucson Electric Power’s (TEP) Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) process. Over the course of the last two years, Synapse attended and participated in many IRP workshops and stakeholder sessions on behalf of the Sierra Club. Synapse also prepared several presentations to the Commission and utilities with recommendations for improving APS and TEP's IRPs. Finally, Synapse assisted in the development of several rounds of comments on both APS and TEP’s IRPs. These comments identified areas in which TEP and APS respectively failed to advance the goals of protecting ratepayers, providing transparency, and operating a well-planned and efficient electricity system.

Synapse and Sierra Club recommendations to APS focused on the following topics:

  • APS should develop a more reasonable load forecast that incorporates COVID impacts and corrects the historical pattern of over forecasting load
  • APS should better justify its modeling assumptions and decisions that continue to systematically favor new gas resources and disadvantage renewables, and the Company should not be able to add any new gas resources in the near term based on its current modeling.
  • APS should conduct a study that properly models the economics of retiring the Four Corners Coal plant early and paying out the remaining coal contract relative to retiring it early and replacing it with clean energy resources.
  • APS should properly reflect the costs and risks associated with future environmental regulations, including the coal combustion residuals and effluent limitation guideline rules, and the risk of water shortages.

Synapse and Sierra Club recommendations to TEP focus on the following topics:

  • TEP should improve its modeling tools and employ optimized capacity expansion modeling.
  • TEP should demonstrate how it will reduce its reliance on fossil resources in light of the substantial quantity of new gas resources it produced just prior to the IRP.
  • TEP should utilize gas prices that are higher and more aligned with those forecasted by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook (AEO).
Related Publication(s)
Sierra Club Comments on Arizona Public Service's 2020 IRP
Sierra Club Comments on Tucson Electric Power’s 2020 Integrated Resource Plan
Client:
Year:
2019

Synapse's Ben Havumaki and Tim Woolf lead an afternoon conversation about grid modernization that both addresses broad themes and zooms into the nitty gritty. Topics include:

  • Overview of key concepts in grid mod
  • Benefit-cost analysis, including how to select an appropriate cost test for grid mod projects
  • Challenges in quantifying costs and benefits
  • Customer equity
  • Best practices
  • Case studies of recent utility-facing grid modernization plans

 

Watch the webinar.

Related Publication(s)
Grid Modernization Webinar Slides
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2019

Sierra Club retained Synapse to conduct an updated economic analysis of the J.K. Spruce coal plant, located near San Antonio, Texas. Synapse evaluated the recent economic performance of the plant, the likely performance of the plant over the next two decades, and the availability of cost-effective renewable alternatives to Spruce. Synapse found that (1) the Spruce plant likely lost more than $100 million relative to the market between 2013 and 2018; (2) Spruce is likely to continue to lose money relative to the market in the near term; (3) Spruce will only become profitable relative to the market over the long term if a series of favorable conditions hold; (4) CPS would likely save money by replacing the Spruce plant with renewable resources, even under market conditions favorable to the Spruce units; (5) replacing Spruce with renewables would reduce emissions and associated regulatory risks in addition to likely reducing costs; (6) retiring uneconomic coal units would be unlikely to harm CPS's credit rating; and (7) the current planned Spruce retirement dates are not based in a sufficiently robust and transparent planning process. We concluded that CPS should promptly engage in a thorough, public planning process to evaluate the potential near-term retirement of the Spruce units.

Related Publication(s)
An Updated Look at the Economics of the J.K. Spruce Power Plant
Client:
Labor Network for Sustainability
Year:
2020, 2019

Synapse worked on behalf of Labor Network for Sustainability to analyze the economic benefits of improving energy, water, and transportation infrastructure in Massachusetts through increased state, municipal, and public investment. First, we identified spending gaps between existing investment plans for these three sectors and the level of investment needed to bring the sectors to a state of good repair. We used infrastructure needs reports, gap analysis studies, and state policy goals to identify the spending gaps. Next, we calculated the employment impacts of improving this infrastructure through increased investment between 2020 and 2030. We used IMPLAN, an industry-standard job impact model, to convert annual spending levels into annual job creation. We produced a final report summarizing the results for all three sectors as well as a selected set of city-specific case studies.

Related Publication(s)
Investing in Public Infrastructure in Massachusetts: Impacts of Investment in Clean Energy, Water, and Transportation
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2019

On behalf of Sierra Club, Synapse developed a least-cost resource portfolio to inform future plans for the Santee Cooper public utility in South Carolina. The resulting report explores a variety of energy mixes for the state-owned utility, and demonstrates that Santee Cooper’s continued reliance on coal or building large fracked-gas plants would be the costliest options. The least-cost option entails a combination of renewable energy resources and energy efficiency.

Related Publication(s)
The Least-Cost Resource Plan for Santee Cooper
Client:
Maine Renewable Energy Association
Year:
2019

On behalf of Maine Renewable Energy Association and other Maine stakeholders, Synapse partnered with Sustainable Energy Advantage to assess the impacts of expanding Maine’s Class I renewable portfolio standard (RPS) to reach 50 percent by 2030. This analysis found that expanding the RPS would: Create 170 jobs per year between 2020 and 2030; Improve public health by curbing air pollution, avoiding $500,000 per year in public health damages between 2020 and 2030; Add 700 MW of new, in-state renewable energy projects; Result in minimal impact to Maine’s ratepayers, with only slight increases in residential bills of $1.16 to $1.76 per month between 2020 and 2030; and Reduce Maine’s reliance on fossil fuels by 5% and curb greenhouse-gas emissions from the electric sector attributable to Maine by 55%. 

Related Publication(s)
Expanding Maine's Renewable Portfolio Standard Factsheet
Maine RPS Analysis Appendix
Client:
Maryland Office of People’s Counsel
Year:
2019

In 2019, the Maryland Public Service Commission (Commission) approved electric vehicle (EV) programs proposed by the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE), Delmarva Power & Light Company (Delmarva), Potomac Electric Power Company (Pepco), The Potomac Edison Company (PE), and Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative, Inc. (SMECO), collectively known as the Utilities. In accordance with Commission Order No. 88997 the Utilities filed mid-course evaluation reports on September 15, 2021.

Synapse assisted the Office of People’s Counsel (OPC) with a review of the Utilities’ mid-course evaluation reports and proposed program modifications filed with the Commission. As part of this work, Synapse attended utility EV workshops focused on proposed modifications to the utilities proposed modifications to their portfolio of EV programs. Synapse reviewed each utility mid-course filing and prepared written comments to the OPC, summarizing impacts to ratepayers and proposed alternative EV program structures to promote increased equitable access to EVs.

Client:
The Energy Foundation
Year:
2019

Electrification of the transportation sector is imminent, offering promises of lower costs for both electricity consumers and vehicle owners, but the path and speed the transition takes is not predetermined. The costs and benefits of electric vehicle (EV) adoption and the manner in which those costs and benefits are allocated among utility customers can vary substantially, with important implications for equity. The costs to utility customers are largely driven by the timing of EV charging, as well as any utility transportation electrification programs that rely on ratepayer funds. Who experiences the benefits depends, in part, on the design of transportation electrification programs, although many benefits (such as rate reductions and reduced pollutants) will be experienced by all utility customers.

Synapse worked with an advisory group composed of consumer advocates from across the country to develop a framework for helping consumer advocates analyze EV policy options (including ratepayer-funded transportation electrification programs) and ensure that the benefits of EV adoption are equitably distributed across customers.

Related Publication(s)
Making Electric Vehicles Work for Utility Customers
Client:
Burlington Electric Department
Year:
2019, 2018

Burlington, Vermont’s municipal electric utility, Burlington Electric Department (BED) contracted Synapse and Resource Systems Group (RSG) to develop a roadmap on how the city could best achieve its Net Zero Energy by 2030 goal. The City’s goal is defined as reducing and eventually eliminating fossil fuel use from its heating and ground transportation sectors. 

This roadmap is a strategic analysis of the major steps or milestones needed to reach the City's Net Zero by 2030 goal with supporting data and recommendations for next steps. In order to develop this roadmap, the Synapse/RSG team:

  •   developed a 2018 baseline of energy use across all sectors
  •   projected a business-as-usual trajectory through 2030
  •   analyzed four pathways to net-zero energy by 2030, including the magnitude and cost-effectiveness of each opportunity
  •   detailed a host of policies and strategies with consideration for impact, cost-effectiveness and equity

The intended audience for this roadmap is implementers of climate action goals, strategies and policies nationwide: including community and state leaders, partner organizations, utilities, and community members. The approach and supporting strategies are applicable to many communities nationwide. The roadmap is publically available and can be viewed here.  

In early 2021, Synapse was contracted by BED to update GHG emissions and other decarbonization metrics for Burlington in order to compare actual progress in 2019 and 2020 to the projections modeled in the Net Zero Energy Roadmap. This analysis showed that Burlington's emissions have fallen 15 percent since 2018, in line with a Net Zero trajectory. The COVID-19 pandemic contributed significantly to emissions reductions in 2020, particularly by reducing the number of miles driven in private vehicles. Burlington now has the opportunity to double down on decarbonization measures, including the electrification of transportation and heating, to mitigate any post-pandemic emissions rebound.

Client:
New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board
Year:
2019

The New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board Staff commissioned Synapse to review New Brunswick Power Corporation’s Advanced Metering Infrastructure Capital Project proposal. Synapse reviewed, critiqued, and made recommendations to The Board regarding NB Power’s proposal, identifying multiple concerns within the proposal including its use of outdated Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) technology and features assumptions, a lack of considering alternative scenarios such as a partial rollout, and potentially overstated savings and benefits, and understated costs of investments.

Related Publication(s)
Review of New Brunswick Power's Application for Approval of an Advanced Metering Infrastructure Capital Project
Client:
New Hampshire Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Working Group
Year:
2019

Synapse worked with New Hampshire's Benefit/Cost Working Group to develop an energy efficiency cost-effectiveness framework that is intended to fully reflect state energy policy goals. Synapse and the working group applied the seven steps framework of the National Standard Practice Manual to develop the new framework for New Hampshire. Synapse recommends New Hampshire utilities adopt the Granite State Test as the primary cost-effectiveness test for energy efficiency resources, and review the results of a secondary Granite State Test as well as the Utility Cost Test when assessing program cost-effectiveness.

Related Publication(s)
New Hampshire Cost-Effectiveness Review: Application of the National Standard Practice Manual to New Hampshire
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2020, 2019, 2018, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009

Synapse provided expert advice on and analysis of energy efficiency programs offered by New Jersey's Clean Energy Program for the New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel. We reviewed, analyzed, and commented on various energy efficiency-related matters, including the state-administered programs’ designs and budgets, avoided energy supply cost estimates, cost-benefit analyses, energy savings protocols updates, and fiscal year budget proposals. We also reviewed and commented on New Jersey Energy Master Plans, a three-year energy efficiency program plan called the Comprehensive Resource Analysis, and various proposals associated with the new energy efficiency program framework including program delivery structure, program design, performance incentives, and cost recovery.

Client:
Environmental Defense Fund
Year:
2019

On behalf of the Environmental Defense Fund, Synapse conducted a benefit-cost analysis of a regulation to curb methane emissions from the oil and gas industry in New Mexico. The analysis evaluated the Gold Standard set of emissions regulations, comparing implementation costs to several types of benefits to the state of New Mexico: sales from newly captured gas, avoided costs related to human health impacts, and avoided nonattainment costs of reduced GHG emissions. Additionally, the report evaluated the global societal benefit of reducing methane emissions into the atmosphere.

Related Publication(s)
Cost-Effectiveness of Comprehensive Oil and Gas Emissions Reduction Rules in New Mexico
Client:
Natural Resources Defense Council
Year:
2019, 2018

Synapse prepared testimony on energy efficiency targets and incentives on behalf of the Natural Resources Defense Council in the recent Con Edison rate case. The testimony addressed the need to develop electricity and gas efficiency savings targets that are consistent with the Commission's statewide targets as well as the state's carbon emission reduction goals. It also addressed the need to provide sufficient budget to allow the utilities to provide the efficiency services necessary to meet the targets. Synapse also recommended modifications to the utility's cost-effectiveness practices to be consistent with the Commission's recent order on Benefit-Cost Analyses and to ensure the implementation of all cost-effective efficiency resources. Finally, the testimony addressed the energy efficiency earning adjustment mechanisms (i.e., performance incentive mechanisms) to ensure that Con Edison has sufficient incentive to implement effective efficiency programs, but not overlapping or unduly excessive incentives.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Woolf and Napoleon Con Edison Rate Case
Comments on Comprehensive Energy Efficiency Initiative Case 18-M-0084
Client:
Solar Energy Industries Association
Year:
2019

On behalf of the Clean Energy Parties, Synapse reviewed each of the New York utilities’ marginal cost of service studies and supporting data used to determine the distribution system value provided by distributed solar (expressed as Demand Reduction Value and Locational System Relief Value). Based on our review and analysis, Synapse developed a set of recommendations intended to create consistent and reliable methodologies for determining the costs avoided by distributed energy resources across New York State.

Related Publication(s)
CEP Comments on Staff Capacity
CEP Comments on Future of Value Stack
Climate Costs and the "Value of E": Incorporating the costs of carbon emissions into New York's electric system planning
Client:
District of Columbia Department of Energy and Environment
Year:
2019

Washington D.C. is experiencing rapid development of new residential and office buildings in and around the Mt. Vernon Triangle area. In response, the local utility has proposed building a new substation to serve the expected load growth at a cost of approximately $150 million. The utility reviewed and incorporated some energy efficiency and other distributed energy resources (DER) in its load forecast, but concluded that such non-wires solutions (NWAs) do not provide enough capacity to resolve the expected distribution constraints. However, Synapse Energy Economics’ analysis revealed that the utility’s plan did not adequately account for the potential impacts of cost-effective targeted DER solutions or future building codes.

Synapse conducted a comprehensive assessment of the utility’s load forecast and the feasibility of NWAs. We quantified cost-effective NWAs sufficient for deferring the need for the substation. This presentation highlights the key issues, assumptions, methodologies, and results from our analysis. Further, we present how our findings can be applied to other regions facing similar situations. Specifically, this presentation covers: (a) peak load forecasting methodologies; (b) peak load assumptions for existing buildings and new construction; (c) solar PV projections; and (d) achievable energy efficiency and demand response potential for the Mt. Vernon area. Synapse used building load data, existing end-use level potential studies, and program performance from leading programs to estimate energy efficiency and demand response potential. The presenter will also highlight studies and leading programs Synapse referenced to develop key assumptions on energy savings, costs, and participation rates.

Related Publication(s)
Non-Wires Alternatives to Building a New Substation in Washington, D.C.
Client:
Maine Office of the Public Advocate
Year:
2019, 2018

Consulted on issues concerning utility rate proposals that seek to establish incentives to create non-wires alternatives to transmission and distribution investments.

 

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Melissa Whited on Utility Incentives for Non-Wires Alternatives
Client:
Southern Environmental Law Center
Year:
2019, 2018

In 2018, Duke Energy submitted to the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality its analysis of options for the closure of eight of its coal ash basins spread over six sites. The Southern Environmental Law Center commissioned Synapse Energy Economics, Inc. to review Duke’s Summary Reports and the Company’s analysis on trucking impacts, community and regional impacts, environmental impacts, and the estimated closure costs and schedules. Our resulting report describes how Duke's evaluation framework was designed to skew results in favor of its “Closure-in-Place” option, and in fact, to effectively ignore environmental impacts and risks. On April 1, 2019, the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality ruled that Duke Energy must remove all ash from existing unlined landfills and move the ash to new, lined landfills.

 
 
 
Related Publication(s)
Assessment of Duke Energy’s Coal Ash Basin Closure Options Analysis in North Carolina
Client:
Year:
2019, 2018

As a continuation of previous work, Synapse provided NS UARB with consulting services on energy efficiency issues. Specific areas where Synapse provided technical support and analysis included: rate and bill impacts, non-energy benefits, methodology to determine program incentives, and benefits of location-specific efficiency targeting. As part of the project, Synapse submitted evidence on its assessment of EfficiencyOne’s proposed 2019 Demand Side Management  Resource Plan.

Related Publication(s)
Revised Comments on EfficiencyOne’s Proposed Enhancements to its Rate and Bill Impact Model
Comments on EfficiencyOne’s January 21, 2019 Locational DSM Pilot –DSMAG Update
2019 NS DSM Plan Evidence Napoleon M08604
Client:
Carr Stevenson and MacKay
Year:
2019, 2018

In 2018, Prince Edward Island Energy Corporation (PEIEC) filed an application (the Application) for approval of its 2018-2021 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan (Plan) with the Prince Edward Island Regulatory and Appeals Commission (the Commission or IRAC). Carr, Stevenson, and MacKay hired Synapse Energy Economics, Inc. (Synapse) to assess the Plan, in particular whether the Plan is likely to satisfy legislative requirements. To this end, Synapse reviewed the Application, issued information requests, and sponsored an expert report. The report considered the reasonableness of PEIEC’s Plan in terms of scope, cost allocation, and projected savings, participation, costs, and benefits. The expert report built upon Synapse’s 2016 comprehensive, best practice report for PEI on energy efficiency program and policy requirements. Project completed May 2019.

Related Publication(s)
An Assessment of Prince Edward Island Energy Corporations' 2018 - 2021 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plan
Client:
Environmental Defense Fund
Year:
2019, 2018, 2017

With support from Environmental Defense Fund, Synapse convened a stakeholder advisory council and provided analysis to produce a vision of Ohio’s clean energy economic opportunities. The group—comprised of business leaders, manufacturers, academics, labor representatives, non-profits, and others—produced a shared vision report of how Ohio could create new jobs and economic growth by modernizing its energy economy. Essentially a business case for clean energy growth and innovation, the vision identifies multi-billion dollar opportunities related to attracting leading corporations, transforming transportation, building and deploying clean electricity and energy efficiency, and modernizing the grid, to demonstrate why Ohio is well-positioned to lead if it takes action. The vision also highlights the risks of failing to create conditions that allow Ohio businesses to compete on the national and global levels. Synapse and the advisory group followed the release of the vision report with further stakeholder engagement and analysis, leading to a second report focused on actions that the public and private sectors can take to advance the clean energy economy in Ohio. For more information, see www.poweringohio.org.

Read the vision statement: A Vision for Growth and Innovative Energy Investment

Read the report: Powering Ohio: A path forward for energy and transportation transformation

Client:
Puerto Rico Energy Bureau, Regulatory Assistance Project
Year:
2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015

Synapse has been engaged with the Puerto Rico Energy Commission, now named the Puerto Rico Energy Bureau, since 2015. Our role includes providing technical support and expert review of materials submitted by the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA, the island's sole electric utility). In early 2015, Synapse was engaged by the Regulatory Assistance Program (RAP) to help develop Puerto Rico's first Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) rules. The rule was successfully promulgated in May 2015. Subsequently, Synapse collaborated with RAP to assess PREPA's first IRP, and lead a commission investigation into the development and finalization of the IRP. Over the course of 2015 and into early 2016, Synapse led an increasingly intensive review of the IRP process and findings, as well as the Commission’s first public hearing. The IRP Final Order, largely a result of Synapse's work, was published September 2016.

We have also assisted the Bureau in crafting rules for microgrids and developing performance metrics and incentives. In the wake of Hurricanes Irma and Maria, we have also supported the Bureau as it guides the utility through its second IRP in the context of expected privatization or concessionaire structures for both generation and electric grid operations. Our engagement in Puerto Rico has been conducted in close partnership with the Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP). Together, we act as a resource for support and an expansion of the technical and regulatory expertise available to the recently formed regulator.

In 2020, Synapse supported the Puerto Rico Energy Bureau in:

  1. Completion of the 2019 Integrated Resource Plan process and associated follow-up;
  2. development and execution of the Optimization proceeding to develop decision-making approaches for resilience investments;
  3. development of revised demand response and energy efficiency regulations, as well as beginning development of the required cost-effectiveness screening framework and avoided costs; and
  4. evaluation and development of performance metrics and structures for PREPA and LUMA.

 

Client:
Southern Environmental Law Center
Year:
2019, 2018

Synapse provided analysis and expert testimony on behalf of Southern Alliance for Clean Energy for North Carolina's 2018 Avoided Cost Docket, no. E-100, Sub 158. Witness Devi Glick submitted responsive testimony on the topic of Battery Storage and PURPA Avoided Cost Rates.

Related Publication(s)
Responsive Testimony of Devi Glick on Battery Storage and PURPA Avoided Cost Rates
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2019

Alabama Power requested a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) to construct a new gas-fired combined cycle unit, Barry 8, and to acquire other existing gas-fired resources. Rachel Wilson submitted expert testimony to the Alabama Public Service Commission that evaluated the need for this new gas capacity and described the alternative resources that the utility should have considered as part of its analysis.

Related Publication(s)
Public Testimony of Rachel Wilson Regarding Alabama Power's Request for a CPCN

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