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Client:
Lanzalotta & Associates, City of Leesburg, VA
Year:
2006

Synapse assisted the Town of Leesburg on issues related to the preferred siting of a proposed transmission line. Synapse’s testimony addressed the benefits of siting the proposed line away from a multiple use bicycle, walking and jogging trail and away from the Town of Leesburg, historic district. Project completed in July 2006.

Related Publication(s)
Transmission Line Siting in Leesburg, VA
Client:
Conservation Law Foundation
Year:
2006

Pursuant to a Vermont Public Service Board Order in Docket No. 7801, a mediated negotiation process was established to review the process by which VT electric utilities conduct transmission system planning with a particular focus on the evaluation of non-transmission alternatives (NTAs) that could include energy efficiency, demand response, or distributed generation resources. Synapse assisted CLF, a party to Docket 7801, in the mediated negotiation process. Synapse also provided direct and rebuttal testimony that urged the VT PSB to reject the proposed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) submitted by the majority of the utility parties and the Department of Public Service. The VT PSB issued a decision on June 20, 2007. In the Order, the VT PSB largely accepted the provisions of the MOU and, after a lengthy discussion, rejected CLF’s positions. Project completed in December 2006.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony Regarding the Review of Vermont Transmission Planning Process
Rebuttal Testimony Regarding the Review of Vermont Transmission Planning Process
Client:
Delaware Public Service Commission
Year:
2006

Synapse assisted the Staff of the Delaware Public Service Commission conduct a multi-party exploration of potential updates to Delaware's procedures for competitive procurement of power to serve default service customers. In the wake of major retail rate increases from the state's first procurement, the Delaware Legislature enacted major changes to the state's electric restructuring statute. Synapse helped the Staff plan and run workshops to gather the views of retail marketers, wholesale generators and marketers, consumers, and the serving utility. We then fashioned written proposals for process changes, moderated discussions among the parties, and helped negotiate consensus on most of the issues. Synapse then helped the Staff draft and present its report to the Commission. Among the changes adopted by the Commission were provisions to increase and speed up public disclosure of information about bids, to coordinate procurement timing with surrounding jurisdictions, and provide the Commission with better market information and added flexibility to manage the RFP. Project completed in October 2006.

Client:
N/A
Year:
2006

Doug Hurley presented “Update on New England’s Demand Response Programs” at the Energy, Utility, and Environment Conference in Tucson, Arizona in January 2006.

Related Publication(s)
Update on New England’s Demand Response Programs
Client:
Town of Charlotte, VT
Year:
2006

Synapse Assisted the Town of Charlotte, Vermont in its participation before the Vermont Public Service Board in Docket No. 6860. The particular issue in dispute was the extent to which cost recovery would be available on a regional (New England) basis for various components of the new 115kV line being proposed by VELCO. Synapse provided analysis and testimony for the town and participated in hearings before the Public Service Board. Project completed in September 2006.

Related Publication(s)
Summary of VELCO Northwest Reliability Testimony Docket No. 6860
Client:
Conservation Law Foundation
Year:
2006

Synapse reviewed issues associated with the proposed acquisition of Vermont Gas by Green Mountain Power. Project completed September 2006.

Client:
Town of Weybridge, VT
Year:
2006

Synapse provided a valuation of a hydroelectric facility in Weybridge VT for property tax purposes.  Project completed in January 2006.

Client:
N/A
Year:
2006

Peter Bradford and David Schlissel presented “Why a Future for the Nuclear Industry is Risky” to the New York Society of Security Analysts. Risks discussed include concerns about credit worthiness of companies that pursue new nuclear plants and national security.

Related Publication(s)
Why a Future for the Nuclear Industry is Risky
Client:
Citizens Action Coalition of Indiana, Hoosier Environmental Council
Year:
2005

Synapse reviewed PSI Energy Inc.’s environmental compliance plan for NOx, SO2, and mercury air regulations, and prepared testimony addressing system planning, cost estimates for emission control technologies, climate policy and carbon prices, energy efficiency as a compliance option, renewable generation as a compliance option, and analysis of the retirement of older generating units. Synapse’s analysis and recommendations are presented in the Testimony of Bruce Biewald in Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission Cause Nos. 42622 and 42718, filed March 18, 2005. Project completed in May 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Taking Climate Change into Account in Utility Planning: Zero is the Wrong Carbon Value
Testimony Reviewing PSI Energy Environmental Compliance Plan Filing
Testimony Exhibits Reviewing PSI Energy Environmental Compliance Plan Filing
Client:
Gulf Coast Coalition of Cities
Year:
2005

Synapse provided expert witness testimony in Docket Nos. 30485 (January 2005) and 30706 (March 2005) before the Texas Public Utility Commission.  Neil Talbot and Robert Fagan testified in January on aspects of securitization of stranded costs by CenterPoint Energy Houston Electric, the T&D arm of the former Houston Light and Power. In a separate but related docket, Amy Roschelle testified in March on the appropriate interest rate to use in association with a competitive transition charge (CTC) for stranded assets. The thrust of the testimony of all three witnesses focused on ensuring a fair and reasonable stranded cost recovery process, a risk-adjusted rate of return, and minimizing the impact of charges to consumers. Project completed in May 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Analysis of Securitization of Stranded Costs & CTC Charges in Texas
Client:
Utah Committee of Consumer Services
Year:
2005

Synapse, with Resource Insight, assisted the Utah Committee of Consumer Services with issues relating to potential renewable energy legislation.  Synapse reviewed the treatment of renewable resources in PacifiCorp's integrated resource plan and assessed the economic impact of a renewable portfolio standard proposed by the legislature or reviewed by the Public Service Commission. Project completed in February 2005.

Client:
Regulatory Assistance Project, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2005

Synapse assisted RAP in evaluating the effects of recent state policies relating to renewable energy and energy efficiency on air emissions and the regional economy. The work, conducted for the U.S. EPA, included estimating the effect of programs such as utility efficiency funding and renewable portfolio standards since 2000, including avoided air emissions and impacts on regional jobs, income, and output. Project completed in June 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Economic Impacts and Potential Air Emission Reduction from Renewable Generation and Efficiency Programs in New England
Electric Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in New England: An Assessment of Existing Policies and Prospects for the Future
Client:
New Brunswick Power Company
Year:
2005

Synapse assisted New Brunswick Power in developing avoided costs for proposed energy efficiency programs. The programs were intended to be supported with a system benefits charge and to be implemented by an independent energy efficiency utility in New Brunswick. The analysis included a review of production cost model results, avoided energy costs, avoided capacity costs, avoided transmission and distribution costs, and consideration of greenhouse gas emission reduction credits. The analysis also included an assessment of the potential rate impacts of the efficiency programs. Project completed in March 2005.

Client:
South Dakota Public Utilities Commission Staff
Year:
2005

Synapse prepared expert testimony regarding the avoided costs of wind generation in South Dakota. The project included the review and critique of avoided costs proposed by Montana-Dakota Utilities Company, as well as the review and critique of alternative avoided cost assumptions proposed by the wind developer. The testimony covered many aspects of avoided costs, including production cost modeling of energy costs, determination of the appropriate capacity value for wind generation, costs associated with integrating wind into an electricity system, and accounting for the costs of future climate change regulations. Direct testimony was submitted to the South Dakota Public Utilities Commission on February 18, 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Avoided Costs for the Java Wind Project
Client:
AARP
Year:
2005

Synapse prepared testimony that addressed the proposed allowed return on equity (ROE) and rate of amortization for Central Vermont Public Service Corporation (CVPS). Synapse determined the appropriate ROE for CVPS by using the discounted cash flow (DCF) and CAPM models. The Company originally requested a 5.0 percent rate increase, although it later reduced its requested increase to 2.9 percent. In the end, the Board accepted Synapse’s ROE recommendation in full. As a result Vermont customers’ rates were reduced by approximately 1.88 percent commencing April 1, 2005. Project completed in April 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Investigation into Existing Rate of Central Vermont Public Service Corporation
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2005

Synapse was retained by the Sierra Club to assist in its litigation concerning the Stuart Station coal-fired generating facility in Ohio. Project completed in 2005.

Client:
Stratus Consulting, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2005

Synapse contributed four chapters to EPA's guidebook of policies that states can implement to advance clean energy activities.  These chapters address:

  1. integrating energy efficiency and renewables into air quality planning,
  2. integrating energy efficiency and renewables into state and regional energy planning,
  3. identifying and describing the financial incentive (and disincentive) mechanisms for clean energy and energy efficiency associated with state-level ratemaking structures for electric and gas utilities, and
  4. the role of clean energy in integrated resource planning and portfolio management. 

The guidebook can be found on the EPA's website here: http://epa.gov/cleanenergy/stateandlocal/guidetoaction.htm.

Project completed in December 2005.

Client:
The Utility Reform Network
Year:
2005

Synapse prepared comments for use by TURN; a pre-workshop memorandum on the California PUC's proposal titled "An Incentive Framework for Utility Procurement of Energy Resources Modeled After Cap-and-Trade Principles of the Sky Trust," issued as Appendix B to the PUC's 4/6/04 Order Initiating Rulemaking (OIR). Synapse also considered the OIR itself, the ALJ's scheduling ruling of 11/23/2005, and the "Addendum to the Sky Trust Proposal: Alternative Approaches to Elements of the Policy Framework" of 2/3/2005. Synapse considered the strengths and weaknesses of the Proposal at a conceptual level and a nuts-and-bolts level. The proposal set out one model for a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and certain alternatives to that model. The proposed system was described as applying to the resource selection and management the state's electric IOUs, to the natural gas distribution companies, or both. The documents briefly alluded to additional financial incentives for IOUs that related various ways to the proposed cap-and-trade system. Synapse's comments primarily related to the proposed cap-and-trade system as applied to an electric IOU and the financial incentive issue. Project completed in February 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Comments on Proposed Procurement Incentive Framework
Client:
Delaware Public Service Commission
Year:
2005

Synapse advised Public Service Commission Staff in Delaware on alternatives for procuring power to serve default customers as provided for in the State's restructuring law and assisted the PSC Staff in the conduct of a multi-party workshop process considering those alternatives.  Synapse examined issues of acquisition of generation supply and the management of a resource portfolio to provide bundled generation service to residential, commercial, and industrial customers and assisted staff in successful multi-party settlement negotiations.  Project completed in September 2005.

Client:
Town of Rockingham, VT
Year:
2005

Synapse provided an economic valuation of the Bellows Falls hydroelectric facility as of April 2004 for the Town of Rockingham, VT.  Project completed in March 2005.

Client:
AARP
Year:
2005

Synapse analyzed proposed changes to Green Mountain Power's electric rate designs.  William Steinhurst prepared testimony recommending the modification of tariffs for residential customers to improve fairness and encourage energy efficiency.  Project completed in June 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Prefiled Testimony Analyzing Proposed Changes to Green Mountain Power Electric Rate Designs
Prefiled Surrebuttal Testimony Analyzing Proposed Changes to Green Mountain Power Electric Rate Designs
Client:
American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Year:
2005

Bruce Biewald presented “Energy Efficiency in the Northeast” at the ACEEE National Conference on Efficiency as a Resource in Berkeley, California in September 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Energy Efficiency in the Northeast
Client:
Low-Income Energy Affordability Network of Massachusetts
Year:
2005

With a grant from the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, Synapse performed a feasibility study of opportunities for advanced energy efficiency and alternative energy technologies. The overall goal of the study was to develop a list of technologies that will eventually be provided through low-income efficiency programs currently offered in Massachusetts. The study first addressed a list of all renewable technologies and emerging efficiency technologies that might be applicable to single-family and multi-family homes in Massachusetts. Synapse then screened these technologies on the basis of costs, savings, cost-effectiveness and applicability to develop a priority list of potential technologies. Those technologies remaining on the priority list were reviewed further for implementation issues related to low-income housing. Project completed in June 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Feasibility Study of Alternative Energy and Advanced Energy Efficiency Technologies for Low-Income Housing in Massachusetts
Client:
Riverkeeper
Year:
2005

Synapse investigated the impact that converting the four unit Danskammer generating facility to closed-cycle cooling would have on Dynegy's net pre-tax earnings from the sale of the facility's energy and capacity. Project completed in December 2005.

Client:
Maryland Office of the People’s Counsel
Year:
2005

Synapse assisted the OPC in addressing many issues regarding the implementation of the renewable portfolio standard law in Maryland. Some of the key issues included the development of the Generator Attribute Tracking System at PJM, ensuring that necessary information is provided and processed appropriately, mitigating any market power problems in the renewable energy credit market, establishing appropriate compliance requirements, and ensuring that the requirements of the RPS law are met. Project completed in August 2005.

Client:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Year:
2005

Synapse Energy Economics and the Regulatory Assistance Project, under a contract with the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), undertook to survey state policy on rates for partial requirements customers. We reviewed more than a dozen states, diverse both in their geography and in the structures of their electric industries. Through review of regulatory proceedings, tariffs, publications, and interviews, we identified a number of approaches to stand-by and associated rates that deserve policymakers' attention if they aim to promote the deployment of cost-effective distributed generation in their states. Project completed in December 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Rate Structures for Customers with Onsite Generation: Practice and Innovation
Client:
Arkansas Public Service Commission
Year:
2005

Synapse assisted the General Staff of the Arkansas Public Service Commission to address resource planning and power procurement issues.  Synapse reviewed the filings made by each of the four investor-owned electric utilities in Arkansas for compliance.  As part of this review, Synapse evaluated each utility’s financial and production costing models, energy supply forecasting, demand analysis, load forecasting, and other pertinent data and issues.  Project completed in June 2005.

Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2005

Synapse assisted the NJ DRC with a technology and metering study focusing on residential and small commercial customers. The study was designed to look at the electricity use behaviors of four different groups of customers with various rates, metering technologies, and educational materials. Synapse helped select the technology vendors and the particular technologies that were evaluated. Synapse also helped determine the data to collect and evaluate in assessing experimental results.  Project completed in September 2005.

Client:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2005

Synapse analyzed different methods to estimate emission reductions from energy efficiency measures and renewable energy generation. Building on previous work for the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, Synapse evaluated methods that rely on power system dispatch models and methods that rely on simplifying assumptions to estimate emission reductions. The project objective was to help state and local air officials determine the best method for estimating emission reductions in a given situation, given key characteristics of the local power system and the amount of resources available for this assessment. Project completed in July 2005.

Related Publication(s)
Methods for Estimating Emissions Avoided by Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

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