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Client:
N/A
Year:
2004

Bruce Biewald presented “The Shape of Things to Come: Incorporating Unproven Reserves of Efficiency Savings into Energy Models” to the East Coast Energy Group in Washington, DC on November 10, 2004.

Related Publication(s)
The Shape of Things to Come: Incorporating Unproven Reserves of Efficiency Savings into Energy Models
Client:
Residential Utility Consumer Office of Arizona
Year:
2004

Synapse examined whether the Arizona Public Service Company should be allowed to include in rate base the cost of five new generating units that were originally built for the Company’s deregulated affiliate.  Project completed in February 2004.

Client:
Confidential
Year:
2004

Synapse performed a project feasibility study for a U.S. wind developer, focusing on probable project economics and the need for this project. The economic analysis focused on projected project costs and revenues given likely electricity market prices in the relevant region and the likely prices of renewable energy credits. The need analysis focused on regional emissions trends, new air regulations, and future demand for renewable energy created by renewable portfolio standards. Project completed in September 2004.

Client:
Massachusetts Climate Action Network
Year:
2004

Synapse developed an Excel workbook tool to estimate CO2 reductions from electricity measures in Municipal Climate Change Action Plans. Users have the flexibility to choose among standard emission reduction options or to add their own options. The tool also allows users to input demographic and other data specific to their municipality, but offers default data for those cases where specific data is unavailable. This tool was applied to the town of Arlington’s Sustainability Action Plan, and is being expanded to cover additional sectors. Project completed in January 2004.

Client:
Natural Resources Defense Council, Coalition Helping Organize a Kleaner Environment, Keyspan Energy
Year:
2003

Synapse investigated the sources of air pollution in Queens County, assessed their local impact on air quality, and recommended remedies for the sources causing the greatest threat to public health.  The study included evaluations of energy efficiency resources, unit repowering, emissions control technologies, and other options for improving air quality.  The PROSYM model was used to develop a cohesive clean air plan for the county.  Project completed in May 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Air Quality In Queens County: Opportunities for Cleaning Up the Air in Queens County and Neighboring Regions ‒ Executive Summary
Air Quality In Queens County: Opportunities for Cleaning Up the Air in Queens County and Neighboring Regions
Client:
Pace Law School Energy Project, Hudson River Foundation
Year:
2003

Synapse developed a clean electricity plan for the Hudson River Valley.  While the plan explored options for reducing electricity use and adding new renewable generation throughout the Valley, it focused on reducing the environmental impacts of four, older power plants on the lower Hudson River: Bowline, Lovett, Danskammer and Roseton.  As part of the work, Synapse modeled the future operation of these plants in a "business-as-usual" scenario, prioritized action in terms of the plants' environmental impacts and assessed a variety of options for reducing the water and air impacts from the plants.

Related Publication(s)
A Clean Electricity Strategy for the Hudson River Valley
Client:
New York Public Interest Research Group, New York/New Jersey Baykeeper, National Association of State PIRGs
Year:
2003

Synapse prepared an affidavit discussing the decision to burn only oil (and not natural gas) at the proposed Jamaica Bay Peaking Facility.  The affidavit also explained that the proposed peaking power plant would share numerous components with an existing gas-fired unit on the same site.  Project completed in March 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Review of 54 MW Peaking Power Plant in Far Rockaway NY
Client:
Illinois Citizens Utility Board
Year:
2003

Synapse conducted an analysis of electricity price trends in the ComEd service territory with and without a proposed merger and legislated rate increase.  Synapse also applied the REMI model to estimate the employment and other economic impacts associated with the rate increase.  Project completed in December 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Comments on Electricity Procurement Related to Ameren Requirements
Fewer Jobs for Illinois: Employment and Other Impacts of Commonwealth Edison’s Proposed Electricity Rate Increase
Client:
Massachusetts Audubon Society
Year:
2003

Synapse reviewed the recent electricity consumption and billing history of all the Audubon facilities located in Massachusetts.  Synapse compared the default and standard offer prices available from the local electric company with competitive electric power options, and advised Audubon how to purchase their electricity.  Project completed in October 2003.

Client:
Maryland Office of the People’s Counsel
Year:
2003

Synapse reviewed the proposals for a credit-based system for the PJM Generation Attribute Tracking System (GATS), in order to comply with environmental disclosure rules and other environmental policies.  Synapse also assisted the OPC with comments provided to the Maryland Public Utilities Commission and presented oral testimony at Commission hearings.  Project completed in December 2003.

Client:
Larkin & Associates, New Jersey Board of Public Utilities
Year:
2003

Synapse evaluated whether Rockland Electric Company’s power purchases during the period from August 1999 through July 2003 were prudent. Synapse prepared an audit report concluding that the Company was imprudent for failing to enter into a multi-year power purchase agreement when it divested all of its generating facilities in 1999. Project completed in July 2003. 

Related Publication(s)
Verification of Deferred Balances and Prudence Review of Rockland Electric Company
Client:
N/A
Year:
2003

Following the August 14, 2003 blackout that affected approximately 50 million customers of the interconnected Eastern North America grid, Synapse produced a memo that detailed what happened, what caused the blackout, and improvements that could be made to prevent future region-wide outages.

Related Publication(s)
August 14th Blackout
Client:
Connecticut Climate Coalition
Year:
2003

Synapse reviewed the modeling of various climate policies for ten northeast states. The policies included renewable portfolio standards and carbon emissions cap-and-trade.  Project completed in December 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Review of GHG Modeling for Connecticut
Client:
Vermont Public Service Board
Year:
2003

Synapse prepared an estimate of the likely impact of a proposed renewable portfolio standard on electricity rates in Vermont.  The analysis was based on a detailed “supply curve” of potential new renewable resources in the New England region, as well as potential imports from Canada and New York.  The analysis considered two different renewable standards, one where renewables were broadly defined (including small hydro projects and all biomass), and one where renewables were limited to those eligible in the Massachusetts and Connecticut renewable portfolio standards.  The report was presented to the Board and used to inform the Vermont RPS Collaborative discussions.  Project completed in October 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Potential Cost Impacts of Vermont Renewable Portfolio Standard
Client:
New England Conference of Public Utility Commissioners
Year:
2003

Paul Peterson presented “Default Service Considerations for Competitive Markets” at the New England Conference of Public Utility Commissioners Symposium in Providence, Rhode Island on June 9, 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Default Service Considerations for Competitive Markets
Client:
Union of Concerned Scientists
Year:
2003

Synapse analyzed the value that renewable resources offer when acting as a hedge against volatile fossil-fuel prices. The analysis focused on the risk of fossil-fuel prices increasing over time in response to future environmental regulations. Synapse prepared a summary of recent activities to regulate or otherwise control CO2 emissions, and developed a quantitative estimate of the hedge value of emission-free renewables. The results were presented in the testimony of Tim Woolf before the California Public Utilities Commission, Docket No. 01-10-024. Project completed in April 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Determining the Market Price Benchmark for the California Renewable Portfolio Standard
Client:
Union of Concerned Scientists
Year:
2003

Synapse worked with UCS to encourage the development of effective load response programs in New England and to ensure that such programs were consistent with the long term goal of environmental quality.  This project identified options for “clean” load response, determined how to incorporate these options in load response programs, and worked through stakeholder and regulatory processes to develop effective load response programs.  In addition, Synapse participated in regional coordination efforts on load response with Pace Energy Center and Project for Sustainable FERC Energy Policy.  Project completed in December 2003.

Client:
Sierra Club Ontario
Year:
2003

Synapse examined the feasibility and costs of meeting Ontario's commitments under the US-Canadian Ozone Annex by phasing out coal generation at the Nanticoke and Lambton power stations.  Project completed in April 2003.

Related Publication(s)
A Clean Path to Ozone Annex Compliance: Phasing Out Ontario Coal-Fired Power Plants
Client:
Maryland Public Interest Research Group
Year:
2003

Synapse prepared a report on the proposed Maryland Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The analysis examined benefits of the policy, experiences in other states, elements of a successful RPS, renewable power generation resource options, and projected cost impacts of the policy. Project completed in April 2003.

Related Publication(s)
The Maryland Renewable Portfolio Standard: An Assessment of Potential Cost Impacts
Client:
AARP
Year:
2003

Synapse analyzed settlement agreements in two Vermont rate cases and made recommendations for clarification and modification; specifically, the return on equity in one of the settlements was found to be too high. Neil Talbot prepared testimony that supported an alternative return.  Project completed in December 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony Analyzing Settlements in VT Electric Utility Rate Cases
Rate Schedules Analyzing Settlements in VT Electric Utility Rate Cases
Client:
Resource Insight Inc.
Year:
2003

Synapse conducted multi-area electricity market simulation analysis using the PROSYM-MULTISYM model to support analysis of generation, transmission, and demand-side resource options available to serve electric service needs in New York City.  Project completed in April 2003.

Client:
Vermont Public Service Department
Year:
2003

Synapse examined the economic theory and methodology supporting the calculation of environmental externality values.  These values were used in distributed utility planning in Vermont.  The analysis was conducted by Dr. Frank Ackerman, Director of the Research and Policy Program at the Global Development and Environment Institute at Tufts University.  Project completed in February 2003.

Client:
Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel, Maine Office of the Public Advocate, New Hampshire Office of Consumer Advocate, Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General
Year:
2003

At the request of the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General, the Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel, the Maine Office of the Public Advocate, and the New Hampshire Office of Consumer Advocate, Synapse analyzed the impact that the FERC’s incentive pricing policy would have on New England transmission costs. The report details the results of that analysis based on estimates of the value of New England’s transmission facilities, as well as the value of facilities proposed for construction over the next several years.

Related Publication(s)
FERC’s Transmission Pricing Policy: New England Cost Impacts
Client:
Nevada Bureau of Consumer Protection
Year:
2003

The Nevada Public Utilities Commission opened a docket to revisit the integrated resource planning regulations that have guided utility planning over the last decade.  The regulations have been updated to account for new renewable portfolio standard requirements in Nevada, as well as recent developments in the electricity industry.  Synapse assisted the BCP in providing comments at Commission workshops and in recommending modifications for the new regulations.  Topics included the identification and evaluation of appropriate supply-side resources, the design and evaluation of demand-side resources, the integration of demand and supply-side resources, load forecasting, accounting for environmental impacts, and cost recovery issues.

Client:
Cape Light Compact
Year:
2003

Synapse estimated the potential for implementing cost-effective efficiency programs on Cape Cod and Martha’s Vineyard through the year 2015. The estimates were based on efficiency measures and programs included in the Compact’s Energy Efficiency Plan: 2003-2007, and thus were based on real-world efficiency opportunities. The study investigated several different scenarios, including one to eliminate future load growth and one to stabilize CO2 emissions.  Project completed in May 2003. 

Related Publication(s)
Energy Efficiency Potential on Cape Cod and Martha`s Vineyard: Long-Term Forecasts and Scenarios
Client:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2003

Synapse performed a comprehensive assessment of the emissions impacts of demand response programs in New England. As ISO New England continues to refine its nascent electricity markets, there is widespread interest in facilitating demand response (DR) -- the ability for customers to respond to high prices by reducing electricity use or producing their own electricity onsite. There is also widespread interest in the net air emissions impacts of DR.

Synapse assessed the net emissions impacts of selected DR programs using the PROSYM/PROMOD dispatch model. The programs assessed included the economic DR program proposed by ISO New England for the summer of 2003, an economic DR program proposed by the New England Demand Response Initiative (NEDRI) for the summer of 2004, and several scenarios that explored key variables and uncertainties in these programs. In addition, Synapse modeled several energy efficiency programs in order to compare the emissions impacts of these programs to the DR programs. For all programs assessed, Synapse explored both the emissions impacts of DR operation and the impacts of new DR capacity on ISO unit commitment. Project completed in May 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Modeling Demand Response and Air Emissions in New England
Client:
Maine Office of the Public Advocate
Year:
2003

Synapse reviewed whether Central Maine Power Company's proposed 69 kV transmission was needed to ensure adequate system capability and reliability in York County, Maine or whether a lower voltage line, demand side management, and/or distributed generation would have been adequate.  Synapse also evaluated whether part of the proposed line could have been installed underground or inside existing transmission line rights of way. Project completed in July 2003.

Client:
Wisconsin Citizens Utility Board
Year:
2003

In testimony filed at the Wisconsin Public Service Commission in September and October 2003, Synapse found that the Wisconsin Public Service Corporation was over-collecting from ratepayers for funds that would be needed to decommission the Kewaunee Nuclear Plant at the projected end of its service life.  Project completed in September 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony Reviewing Kewaunee Nuclear Plant Decommissioning Costs
Surrebuttal Testimony Reviewing Kewaunee Nuclear Plant Decommissioning Costs
Client:
Arkansas Public Service Commission
Year:
2003

Synapse evaluated technical and economic issues related to Entergy Arkansas' decision to replace the steam generators and the reactor vessel head at the Arkansas Nuclear One Unit 1 nuclear plant.  Project completed in June 2003.

Related Publication(s)
Economic and Technical Evaluation of Arkansas Nuclear Power Plant Steam Generator and Reactor Vessel Head Replacements
Client:
Oklahoma Attorney General's Office
Year:
2003
Synapse was retained to assist the Attorney General's Office in the Empire District Electric Company rate case.  Synapse investigated a number of issues including excess capacity, the cost of new generation, transmission and distribution investments, the Company's weather normalization methodology, and the rate of return. Project completed in July 2003.
Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of David Schlissel in the Empire District General Rate Case
Direct Testimony of Neil Talbot in the Empire District Electric Co. General Rate Case

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