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Client:
Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board
Year:
2009

Synapse assisted the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board with a variety of rate case issues including electric load forecasting, demand-side management, and power plant depreciation. Project completed in February 2009.

Related Publication(s)
Testimony Regarding Revisions to Rates, Charges, and Regulations by Nova Scotia Power Inc.
Client:
Southern Alliance for Clean Energy
Year:
2009

On behalf of Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, Synapse reviewed the Duke Energy Save-A-Watt Energy Efficiency Plan Proposal. The review is focused on Duke Energy's proposed programs and the proposed cost recovery mechanism. Also, joint intervenor comments on a Rulemaking Proceeding have been formally filed by the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, Environmental Defense and the Southern Environmental Law Center with the North Carolina Public Utilities Commission. Concurrently, communications consisting of feedback and recommendations on the Save-A-Watt proposal occurred with Duke Energy.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Rick Hornby Regarding Duke Energy Carolinas Save-A-Watt Programs
Progress Energy Proposed Distribution System Demand Response Program
Testimony Regarding Application of Progress Energy for the Establishment of Procedures for DSM/EE Programs
Surrebuttal Testimony of Rick Hornby Regarding Duke Energy Carolinas Save-A-Watt Programs
Client:
Cape Light Compact
Year:
2009

The Cape Light Compact contracted for a custom energy efficiency tracking system that will enable to them to better track all aspects of their energy efficiency program installations and improve customer service.  Synapse assisted The Cape Light Compact in ensuring that all critical system requirements have been met by the database provider. 

Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2009

Synapse evaluated the cost-effectiveness of residential Direct Load Control (DLC) and Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) proposals filed by Public Service Electric and Gas.

Client:
Citizens Action Coalition of Indiana
Year:
2009

On behalf of Citizens Action Coalition in Indiana, Synapse reviewed the Duke Energy Save-A-Watt Energy Efficiency Plan Proposal. The review focused on Duke Energy’s proposed programs and the proposed cost recovery mechanism.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony Regarding Duke Energy Indiana Save-A-Watt Proposal
Supplemental Direct Testimony Regarding Duke Energy Indiana Save-A-Watt Proposal
Client:
N/A
Year:
2009

Synapse produced memos for interested stakeholders about the impact of price responsive demand (PRD) participation as a supply resource in the ISO-New England day-ahead energy market.

Related Publication(s)
Impact of PRD Participation in Day-Ahead Energy Market
Expanded Analysis of PRD Participation in Day-Ahead Energy Market
Client:
Plains Justice
Year:
2009

Synapse was retained by Plains Justice to participate in the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) docket for an IPL energy efficiency case. Synapse reviewed IPL's filings, its annual reports, and its proposed plans to achieve the objectives of IUBs order. Direct and rebuttal testimony were prepared and submitted. Briefings for Iowa agency heads and legislators were planned for the first quarter of 2009.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony of Chris James Regarding Interstate Power and Light Company Proposed Energy Efficiency Program
Surrebuttal Testimony of Chris James Regarding Interstate Power and Light Company Proposed Energy Efficiency Program
Client:
Unión Fenosa
Year:
2009

This project involved arranging meetings for Union Fenosa with Japanese and Korean organizations that produce energy efficiency products and services (e.g., high efficient heat pump and zero emission house) or are engaged in energy efficiency related programs and policies; and visiting Japanese organizations with the delegates of Union Fenosa and providing them technical and translation help so that they were able to gain and understanding of Japanese energy efficiency products, services, programs and policies. While the main focus was on efficiency, renewable energy and distributed generation technologies were also studied during the tour in Japan.

Client:
Natural Resources Defense Council
Year:
2009

For Natural Resources Defense Council and the Energy Foundation, Synapse produced a report assessing the Michigan Public Service Commission's "2007 21st Century Electric Plan." Synapse's report, titled "Energy Future: A Green Energy Alternative for Michigan,” concluded that the 21st Century Plan focused too heavily on fossil fuel generation and presented a variety of alternative resources to make for a cleaner and more cost-effective energy future for the state.

Related Publication(s)
Energy Future: A Green Energy Alternative for Michigan
Client:
Environmental Defense Fund
Year:
2009

Synapse sought to determine the ability of energy efficiency and agriculture offsets to provide greenhouse gas reductions in order to meet goals of S 2191 (Lieberman-Warner Bill).

Related Publication(s)
No Need to Wait: Using Energy Efficiency and Offsets to Meet Early Electric Sector Greenhouse Gas Targets
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009

Synapse provided expert advice on and analysis of energy efficiency and CHP programs offered by New Jersey's Clean Energy Program for the New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel. We reviewed, analyzed, and commented on various energy efficiency-related matters, including the state-administered programs’ monthly performance, designs and budgets, avoided energy supply cost estimates, cost-benefit analyses, energy savings protocols, EM&V studies, and overall administrative structure. We also periodically reviewed and commented on New Jersey Energy Master Plans, and on a three-year energy efficiency program plan called the Comprehensive Resource Analyses. 

Client:
Union of Concerned Scientists
Year:
2009

Synapse produced a report assessing the economics and costs of a future generation of nuclear power plants. The report, titled "Nuclear Loan Guarantees: Another Taxpayer Bailout Ahead?," explores Congress's nuclear loan guarantee program its potential burdens on taxpayers.

Related Publication(s)
Nuclear Loan Guarantees: Another Taxpayer Bailout Ahead?
Client:
Ohio Office of Consumers’ Counsel
Year:
2009

Synapse assisted the Ohio OCC in responding to a request for comments issued by the Ohio Commission regarding the benefits of participation in RTOs and, specifically, whether Ohio should join a single RTO (Midwest ISO or PJM) rather than continue to participate in both RTOs. The responses, developed jointly by Synapse and the OH OCC, answered a series of detailed questions posed by the OH Commission. Synapse developed an initial set of responses and then a reply set of responses that addressed the comments field by other parties to the proceeding.

Related Publication(s)
Synapse Report and Ohio Comments in Case No. 09-09-EL-COI, "The Value of Continued Participation in RTOs"
Client:
Mass Energy Consumers Alliance
Year:
2009

Synapse provided advice to Mass Energy Consumers Alliance, a local non-profit organization that both advocates and acts in the marketplace on behalf of consumers and the environment, regarding their ability to participate in New England's Forward Capacity Market.  The FCM is the first capacity market to allow small on-site generation resources to be compensated for the capacity they provide to the regional grid.

Client:
Ohio Office of Consumers’ Counsel, Office of the People's Counsel for the District of Columbia
Year:
2009

Synapse was involved in a three-year effort in coordination with Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, and District of Columbia advocates to monitor RTO activities in PJM. The central focus of the project was on RPM development and also market monitoring, transmission planning, and load forecasts.

Client:
Southern Alliance for Clean Energy
Year:
2009

Synapse evaluated and issued direct testimony on the costs and risks of proceeding with proposed Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 nuclear power plants in Georgia. The project also entailed reviewing an updated Georgia Power Company's Integrated Resource Plan.

Client:
Marbek Resource Consultants Ltd.
Year:
2009

In 2009, the Ontario Power Authority (OPA) retained Marbek Resource Consultants (Marbek) to prepare a report on strategies and conditions which enable aggressive energy efficiency. These strategies and conditions encompass policies, regulatory frameworks and institutional arrangements. Synapse assisted Marbek with its review of these issues in the U.S. Synapse also contributed a whitepaper addressing the major financial incentives of utilities that need to be aligned with aggressive pursuit of energy efficiency. The paper presented the problems that utilities in general have experienced over the years due to mismatches between their financial incentives and the pursuit of energy efficiency, and the general approaches to correcting that problem. The paper also presented an overview of the current financial incentives of Ontario electricity distribution companies relative to the pursuit of energy efficiency, and suggested steps to further improve that alignment.

Client:
National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, American Public Power Association
Year:
2009

Synapse modeled the impacts of a range of cap-and-trade allowance allocation scenarios on consumer and generator welfare in regulated and deregulated electricity markets in the United States. The analysis, which represents the early years of a national cap-and-trade program before generation changes or load reductions can be implemented, is unique in its treatment of economic impacts at the generating plant level, and in its focus on consumer impacts at the state and regional levels. The results indicated that cap-and-trade regulation will result in consumer-funded windfall profits for certain generators in deregulated electricity markets, and that any free allowance allocation to merchant generators will increase these windfall profits and the cost to consumers. Results are presented at the RTO and state levels to highlight regional differences in these impacts.

Related Publication(s)
Productive and Unproductive Costs of CO2 Cap-and-Trade: Impacts on Electricity Consumers and Producers
Productive and Unproductive Costs of CO2 Cap-and-Trade: NASUCA Consumer Protection Committee Conference Call
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2009

Synapse provided analysis of Public Service Enterprise Group filing for rate recovery of solar photovoltaic investment and provision of testimony addressing Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) treatment.

Client:
Nuclear Information and Resource Service
Year:
2009

For this project, Synapse assessed the risks of constructing a new nuclear power plant in Calvert County, Maryland. David Schlissel provided direct testimony before the Public Service Commission of Maryland presenting these risks. 

Related Publication(s)
Testimony Regarding the Proposed Construction of a Nuclear Power Plant at Calvert Cliffs, Maryland
Client:
Sierra Club
Year:
2009

Synapse evaluated the economics of a proposed coal plant in Louisiana.  Synapse found that Energy Louisiana had not prudently considered the potential for further increases in the cost of building the plant or the costs of likely federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions.  The Louisiana Public Service Commission approved the plant; however, Sierra Club sought judicial review of that decision.

Related Publication(s)
Testimony Addressing the Proposed Repowering of the Little Gypsy Unit 3 Plant
Client:
Center for Climate Strategies
Year:
2009

Synapse provided facilitation, policy, and technical analyses for the Alaska climate change action planning process to develop state policies that will lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from the Energy Supply and Residential, Commercial, and Industrial sectors in Alaska. Synapse facilitated one of the Working Groups of the Alaska Climate Change Mitigation Advisory Group (MAG). The Working Group included representatives from state and local governments, utilities, businesses, the building and green energy sectors, environmental groups, and the research community. In addition to facilitating the Working Group, Synapse analyzed and estimated the cost of and potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2025 through a number of policy mechanisms. For the energy supply sector, these include expanded use of renewable energy including direct heating, improved efficiency of new and existing power plants, and transmission optimization and expansion. For the residential, commercial, and industrial sector, policies included state and utility efficiency programs, appliance standards, and building codes.

Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2009

Synapse was retained to review aspects of Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) policy and associated state policies, with the aim of implementing consistent and effective policies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions at reasonable cost while minimizing "leakage," or electric system policy boundary, problems.

Client:
Eastern Research Group, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2009

Synapse was directed by the EPA to prepare a report on several aspects of back-up generators (BUGs). These include how BUGs are used in various RTOs around the US; applicable rules and requirements for air permits and operation; the number of BUGs deployed and their potential air quality impacts.

Client:
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Year:
2009

For this project, Synapse reviewed KCPL’s IRP for consistency with law on the supply side for renewable resources. Tom Franks, of Optimal Energy, acted in a subcontractor role and focused on aspects of demand-side management.

Client:
Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy
Year:
2009, 2006

Synapse evaluated whether there are supply and demand-side alternatives to the proposed Big Stone II coal-fired generating facility that are technically feasible and economically cost-effective. Synapse also investigated whether the applicants included appropriate emissions control technologies in the design of the proposed facility and whether the applicants appropriately reflected the potential for the regulation of greenhouse gases in the design of the proposed facility and in their analyses of the alternatives. Project completed in September 2006. Follow-up work completed in 2009.

Related Publication(s)
Testimony of David Schlissel and Anna Sommer Regarding the Proposed Big Stone II Coal-Fired Generating Facility
Testimony of Ezra Hausman Regarding the Proposed Big Stone II Coal-Fired Generating Facility
Additional Testimony of David Schlissel and Anna Sommer Regarding the Proposed Big Stone II Coal-Fired Generating Facility
Client:
Western Resource Advocates
Year:
2009

Synapse assisted Western Resource Advocates and its local affiliate, NCARE, in developing a clean energy planning model to show how renewable resources can meet Nevada’s future power needs and produce economic benefits at minimal cost to ratepayers. Synapse developed a clean development model that shows how transmission investments support renewables, along with aggressive development of renewable and energy efficiency potential in the state, can more than meet Nevada’s electricity needs without relying on expensive and CO2-emitting new resources such as a proposed coal plant.

Related Publication(s)
Testimony on the Nevada Power Company Proposed Amendment to its Integrated Resource Plan
Client:
Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers
Year:
2009

Synapse served as a technical advisor to Division on all DSM activity, mainly through participation in DSM collaborative meetings.

Client:
Arkansas Public Service Commission
Year:
2009

Synapse was retained by Arkansas Public Service Commission staff as a subcontractor to Larkin Associates to provide assistance for a variety of projects related to electric resource planning and power procurement during July 2006 through June 2007. The first project evaluated whether Entergy Arkansas Inc. (EAI)’s proposed acquisition of a combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) capacity was in the public interest. Tasks included the preparation of a background report on fuel diversity policies and practices, and testimony supporting the findings. This work assisted the Commission in its determination of whether to recommend the adoption of a fuel diversity standard under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005).

Synapse also evaluated the economics of a proposed coal plant in southwestern Arkansas. Synapse found that the Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO) had not prudently considered the potential for further increases in the cost of building the plant or the costs of likely federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions.

Additionally, Synapse reviewed changes to Entergy’s avoided cost methodology, and a proposed scrubber installation on an existing plant. All projects were completed August 2009.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony on Entergy Arkansas Avoided Cost Computation Methodology
Surrebuttal Testimony on Entergy Arkansas Avoided Cost Computation Methodology
Arkansas Electric Generation Fuel Diversity: Implementation of EPAct 2005 Amendments to PURPA Section 111 (d)
Testimony Addressing the Economic Impact of SWEPCO Proposed Hempstead Project
Phase II (AC) Direct Testimony Regarding Entergy Arkansas Inc. Request for Approval of New Capacity
Phase II (A) Surrebuttal Testimony Regarding Entergy Arkansas Inc. Request for Approval of New Capacity
Phase II (B) Direct Testimony Regarding Entergy Arkansas Inc. Request for Approval of New Capacity
Client:
N/A
Year:
2009

Rachel Wilson presented “The Energy-Water Nexus: Interactions, Challenges, and Policy Solutions” at the National Drinking Water Symposium on October 13, 2009.

Related Publication(s)
The Energy-Water Nexus: Interactions, Challenges, and Policy Solutions

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