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Client:
Rhode Island Office of the Attorney General
Year:
2002

Synapse quantified the net revenues that PG&E, the owner of the Brayton Point Station, likely earned during the years 1999 to 2002 and would likely earn during the years 2003 to 2013.  Synapse also conducted an independent assessment of whether the conversion of the Brayton Point Station to a closed cycle water cooling system would adversely affect electric system reliability.  The results of Synapse’s analyses were presented in a series of memoranda that the Attorney General submitted to the U.S. EPA.  Project completed in October 2002.

Client:
Riverkeeper
Year:
2002

Synapse investigated whether the permanent retirement of Indian Point Units 2 and 3 would lead to any electric system reliability problems in New York City, Westchester County or New York State.  Synapse also found that the implementation of aggressive conservation programs in conjunction with the retirement of Indian Point Units 2 and 3 could significantly enhance the reliability of the electric systems in New York City, Westchester County and New York State. Project completed in June 2002.

Related Publication(s)
The Impact of Retiring Indian Point on Electric System Reliability
Weaknesses in the Entergy Study of the Reliability Impacts of Closing Indian Points Units 2 and 3
Revised Indian Point Retirement Reliability Assessment
Entergy’s Lost Revenues During Cooling System Conversion-related Outages
The Impact of Converting Indian Point Units 2 and 3 to Closed-Loop Cooling Systems with Cooling Towers on Entergy’s Likely Future Earnings
The Impact of Converting the Cooling Systems at Indian Point Units 2 and 3 on Electric System Reliability
Client:
STAR Foundation
Year:
2002

Synapse surveyed the increasing use of complex corporate ownership structures and LLCs to own and operate nuclear power plants and reviewed the NRC’s oversight of these developments.  Synapse also identified those areas in which changes need to be made to assure that there are adequate funds available to meet NRC-imposed requirements, including post September 11, 2001 security-related requirements and Price-Anderson Act nuclear accident insurance obligations, and to assure that decommissioning funds are adequate and are protected. Project completed in August 2002.

Related Publication(s)
Financial Insecurity: The Increasing Use of Limited Liability Companies and Multi-Tiered Holding Companies to Own Nuclear Power Plants
Client:
Maryland Office of the People’s Counsel, Pennsylvania Office of Consumer Advocate, Delaware Division of Public Advocate, New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel, Office of the People's Counsel for the District of Columbia
Year:
2001

Synapse prepared a report titled “Best Practices in Market Monitoring: A Survey of Current ISO Activities and Recommendations for Effective Market Monitoring and Mitigation in Wholesale Electricity Markets,” for the Maryland OPC, the Pennsylvania OCA, the Delaware DPA, the New Jersey DRA, and the OPC of DC. Project completed in November 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Best Practices in Market Monitoring: A Survey of Current ISO Activities and Recommendations for Effective Market Monitoring and Mitigation in Wholesale Electricity Markets
Client:
Reading Municipal Light Department
Year:
2001

Synapse subcontracted to Camp Dresser & McKee to provide Reading with an updated customer information and financial management software system. Synapse provided assistance regarding the electricity market and customer and business strategies that should be factored into the software system. Project completed in July 2001.

Client:
Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management
Year:
2001

Lucy Johnston presented “Consumer and Environmental Benefits of Load Response” before the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM) on July 16, 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Consumer and Environmental Benefits of Load Response
Client:
N/A
Year:
2001

Bruce Biewald presented “Demand Response in Electricity Markets” at the NASUCA Mid-Year Meeting in Santa Fe, New Mexico on June 18, 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Demand Response in Electricity Markets
Client:
Environmental Law and Policy Center
Year:
2001

Synapse worked with Brower and Company, Tellus Institute, and the Renewable Energy Policy Project to develop a plan for the aggressive implementation of energy efficiency and renewable resources in ten Midwest states.  The analysis included electricity market simulation modeling, a technical assessment of cost-effective energy efficiency opportunities, a technical and economic assessment of renewable resource potential, and a development of policies for overcoming market barriers to these clean resources.

Related Publication(s)
Executive Summary of Repowering the Midwest: The Clean Energy Development Plan for the Heartland
Repowering the Midwest: The Clean Energy Development Plan for the Heartland
Client:
Clean Water Fund, MASSPIRG
Year:
2001

Synapse investigated the likely impacts of a proposed Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection regulation mandating the reduction of NOx and SO2 emissions from older power plants.  Synapse's analysis found that, contrary to claims of the electric generation companies, power plants would be able to comply with the bill without threatening the reliability of power supply in Massachusetts and neighboring regions.  Project completed in March 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Room to Breathe: Why the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Proposed Air Regulations Are Compatible With Electric System Reliability
Client:
Massachusetts Avoided Energy Supply Costs Study Group
Year:
2001

Synapse, with Resource Insight, Inc., simulated the New England electricity market in order to project the cost of electricity generation in future years.  The results evaluated demand-side management investments for all of the Massachusetts companies on a consistent basis.  Project completed in November 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Updated Avoided-Energy Supply Costs: For Demand-Side-Management Screening in Massachusetts
Client:
Delaware Public Service Commission
Year:
2001

Synapse assisted the Staff in preparing a white paper on the need for and role of reliability standards in Delaware, in light of recent reliability concerns in the region.  Synapse focused on the role of PJM market rules on reliability, as well as the role of energy efficiency in addressing reliability concerns. Project completed in 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Maintaining Electric System Reliability in the Future
Client:
Union of Concerned Scientists
Year:
2001

Synapse investigated power plant outage rates in the New England Power Pool before and after the introduction of competition to the wholesale market.  Synapse's analysis found that generator outage rates increased by roughly 50 percent during the first twelve months after the opening of the new competitive wholesale market.  This may be one of the reasons why wholesale electricity prices increased dramatically during the same period.  Project completed in 2001.

Client:
N/A
Year:
2001

David Schlissel presented “ISO-New England’s Generating Unit Availability Study: Where’s the Beef?” at a Restructuring Roundtable on June 29, 2001.

Related Publication(s)
ISO-New England’s Generating Unit Availability Study: Where’s the Beef?
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2001

Synapse reviewed the market power implications of the proposed merger between Conectiv and PEPCO.  The analysis concluded that the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities should not approve the merger as currently proposed because the merger raised possibly significant market power issues.  Project completed in December 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Market Power Implications of the Conectiv-PEPCO Merger Testimony
Client:
Arkansas Public Service Commission
Year:
2001

Synapse developed guidelines for the analyses of market power in wholesale electricity markets, and conducted simulation analysis of market power in the regional electricity market.  Synapse's analysis included computer modeling of the regional electricity market using the PROSYM model.  Project completed in 2001.

Client:
Union of Concerned Scientists, Clean Water Action, MASSPIRG
Year:
2001

The New England Power Pool recently opened its governance structure to allow non-profits and other customer representatives to become voting members.  UCS, along with a coalition of public interest groups, hired Synapse to represent consumer and environmental interests by participating in committee discussions and voting on key issues.  Project completed in 2001.

Client:
N/A
Year:
2001

Bruce Biewald presented “Quality of Service in Performance-Based Regulation: US Experiences” at the Seminar on Regulation of Electricity Supply Quality in Milan, Italy on June 8, 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Quality of Service in Performance-Based Regulation: US Experiences
Client:
N/A
Year:
2001

Tim Woolf presented “Repowering the Midwest: Overview of Findings” before the National Press Club in Washington, DC on February 14, 2001. The presentation gave an overview of a project Synapse conducted with Brower and Company, Tellus Institute, and the Renewable Energy Policy Project to develop a plan for the aggressive implementation of energy efficiency and renewable resources in ten Midwest states.

Related Publication(s)
Repowering the Midwest: Overview of Findings
Client:
North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation
Year:
2001

In 1996 the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared a landmark environmental impact statement (EIS) on its proposal to open the wholesale electricity markets to competition.  Synapse reviewed the EIS and compared its forecast to actual experience between 1995 and 2000.  The analysis found that actual air emissions were even higher than those projected by FERC in its high environmental impact scenario.  Project completed in October 2001.

Related Publication(s)
A Retrospective Review of FERC Environmental Impact Statement on Open Transmission Access
Client:
Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel
Year:
2001

Synapse reviewed whether the proposed cross-sound transmission cable between Connecticut and Long Island was needed for reliability purposes and would produce public benefits for Connecticut electricity customers.  The results were presented in the direct testimony of David Schlissel before the Connecticut Siting Council, Docket No. 208. Project completed in October 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Review of Proposed Underwater Cable between Connecticut and Long Island
Client:
New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel
Year:
2001

Synapse worked with Resource Insight on a review of the proposed merger between General Public Utilities and First Energy. The analysis addressed three issues: (a) the reasonableness of the utilities' claim that FirstEnergy would be willing to sell power to GPU customers at below-market prices; (b) market power concerns raised by the merger; and (c) RTO related issues. Project completed in May 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Review of the GPU-First Energy Merger
Client:
Nevada Bureau of Consumer Protection
Year:
2001

Synapse reviewed the 20 year Electric Resource Plans of Sierra Power and Nevada Power, focusing on the proposed energy efficiency programs, and the role of energy efficiency in the evolving electricity market in Nevada.  The results were presented in the direct testimony of Tim Woolf before the Public Service Commission of Nevada, Docket No. 01-7016. Project completed September 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Review of Nevada Power Company Demand-Side Management Plan
Client:
Virginia Office of the Attorney General
Year:
2001

Synapse provided comments on proposed rules to introduce retail competition in Virginia.  The proposed rules covered a variety of topics, including codes of conduct, supplier licensing, customer information, marketing, enrollment, switching, and billing.  Project completed in March 2001.

Client:
N/A
Year:
2001

Lucy Johnston presented “The Importance of Publicly Available Power Information” before the Harvard Electricity Policy Group on June 12, 2001.

Related Publication(s)
The Importance of Publicly Available Power Information
Client:
Illinois Attorney General, City of Chicago, Illinois Citizens Utility Board, Cook County State's Attorney's Office
Year:
2001

Synapse investigated Commonwealth Edison Company’s management, maintenance, and funding of its distribution system.  The analysis found that ComEd had not properly maintained and invested in its distribution system during the 1990s and that these failures led to significant distribution system outages during the summers of 1998 and 1999.  Project completed in November 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Direct Testimony Analyzing the Reasonableness of ComEd Distribution System Management
Rebuttal Testimony Analyzing the Reasonableness of ComEd Distribution System Management
Supplemental Testimony Analyzing the Reasonableness of ComEd Distribution System Management
Client:
N/A
Year:
2001

Lucy Johnston presented “Wholesale Electricity Markets: A Taco Short of a Combination Plate?” at the National Low Income Energy Consortium in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 6, 2001.

Related Publication(s)
Wholesale Electricity Markets: A Taco Short of a Combination Plate?
Client:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2000

Synapse assisted the U.S. EPA in enforcement action against utilities for non-compliance with the New Source Review provisions of the Clean Air Act.  Project completed in November 2000.

Client:
Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel
Year:
2000

Synapse prepared testimony critiquing a PBR mechanism proposed by Connecticut Natural Gas Company.  Synapse's assessment focused on how to set an appropriate PBR rate, how to account for savings from a recent merger, and the development of performance standards to prevent deterioration in customer service. Project completed in August 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Performance-Based Ratemaking for Connecticut Natural Gas Company

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